Parenting Styles

parenting styles definition
parenting styles

Do you know that ones parenting style type can go a long way in affecting and determining who the person turns out to be? Just with little knowledge about parenting styles definition, parenting styles charts and parenting styles psychology, am 100% sure you will get a clear picture of why your kids are the way they are.

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A child’s relationship life can be affected by how he or she was trained, the kind of parent that rised him.

parenting styles definition

According to Wikipedia, A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child-rearing. The quality of parenting can be more essential than the quantity of time spent with the child. For instance, a parent can spend an entire afternoon with his or her child, yet the parent may be engaging in a different activity and not demonstrating enough interest towards the child.

However, Parenting styles have to do with the way parents respond and interact with their children. Note, Parenting practices are specific behaviors, while parenting styles represent broader patterns of parenting practices. 

In a nutshell, Parenting style is shaped by the parent’s developmental history, education, and personality; the child’s behavior; and the immediate and broader context of the parent’s life.

Also, the parent’s behavior is influenced by the parent’s work, the parents’ marriage, family finances, and other conditions likely to affect the parent’s behavior and psychological well-being.

In addition, parents in different cultures, from different social classes, and from different ethnic groups rear their children differently. In any event, children’s behavior and psychological development are linked to the parenting style with which they are raised.

Baumrind Theory | parenting Styles Theory

There are various theories and opinions on the best ways to rear children, as well as differing levels of time and effort that parents are willing to invest.

In the 1960s, Baumrind noticed that preschoolers exhibited distinctly different types of behavior. Each type of behavior was highly correlated to a specific kind of parenting. Baumrind’s theory is that there is a close relationship between parenting styles and children’s behavior, which lead to different outcomes in the children’s lives.

Based on extensive observation, interviews and analyses, Baumrind initially identified three different parenting styles: authoritative parenting, authoritarian parenting and permissive parenting.

Maccoby and Martin (1983) expanded this parenting style model using a two-dimensional framework.

They made a further distinction by expanding Baumrind’s permissive parenting into two different types: permissive parenting (also known as indulgent parenting) and neglectful parenting (also known as uninvolved parenting).

These four parenting styles are sometimes called Baumrind parenting styles or Maccoby and Martin parenting styles.

Note, A child’s parenting styles affects the child emotionally, physically and mindset wise.

Parenting Style Types

There are basically four Parenting styles and it includes has four main styles:

  • Authoritarian
  • Authoritative
  • Permissive
  • Detached

I agree with you that because of some many responsibilities that weigh a parent down, he or she may not be consistent in maintaining a particular parenting style. Some parents follow some general tendencies in their approach to childrearing.

However, you will not be wrong if you describe a parent-child relationship with the prevailing style of parenting.

These descriptions provide guidelines for both professionals and parents interested in understanding how variations in the parent-child relationship affect the child’s development.

Authoritarian parents

When we talk about Authoritarian parents, we mean parents that are difficult and rigid in their decisions and rules.

These parents proves to be strict and they expect absolute obedience from there children without any questioning.

There children or child are expected to accept the family beliefs and principles without questioning or trying to take their own decision.

Authoritarian parents are strict disciplinarians, often relying on physical punishment and the withdrawal of affection to shape their child’s behavior.

Effect of this Parenting Style: This style of parenting affects the child negatively. He tends to grow up been moody, unhappy, fearful, and irritable often.

Also, they tend to be shy, withdrawn, and lack self-confidence. If affection is withheld, the child commonly is rebellious and antisocial.


Authoritative parents

The second parenting style in our list is Authoritative parents. These parents tend to respect the opinions of each of their children by allowing them to be different.

Similarly, they are willing to still nurture and forgive when children do make mistakes or engage in disappointing behavior. This makes for close, healthy relationships.

Although there are rules in the household, however, they allow their child to decide on whether to accept the family’s beliefs and rules without imposing it on them.

However, parents are both responsive and demanding; they are firm, but they discipline with love and affection, rather than power, and they are likely to explain rules and expectations to their children instead of simply asserting them.

Moreso, Parents who practice this parenting style type tend to be very warm when their child approaches. They treat their children with respect when children ask questions when they talk together. 

Effect of this Parenting Style: Children that grow up under such parents tends to develop self-esteem. They are independent, inquisitive, happy, assertive, and always interactive.

You can also check out our article on Relationship Ties Building if you want to build a healthy relationship with people.

Permissive parents

Talking about Permissive parents, they tend to lack absolute control over their child’s behavior. These parents are always unstable and inconsistent in maintaining the rules existing in the home.

As a result of that, the children decide whether they will follow the rule and to what extent. They learn that they can get away with any behavior. Indulgent parents are responsive but not especially demanding.

They have few expectations of their children and impose little or inconsistent discipline. There are empty threats of a punishment without setting limits. Role reversal occurs; the children act more like the parents, and the parents behave like the children.

Effect of this Parent Style: Children of permissive parents may be disrespectful, disobedient, aggressive, irresponsible, and defiant. They are insecure because they lack guidelines to direct their behavior. However, these children are frequently creative and spontaneous.

Although low in both social responsibility and independence, they are usually more cheerful than the conflicted and irritable children of authoritarian parents.

Disengaged parents

Finally, disengaged (detached) or Uninvolved parents. In this parent styling, the parents are disconnected and very hands-off.

Although they try to provide their children with basic needs which include food, clothing, shelter, and health, they are neither responsive nor demanding.

However, they may be careless or unaware of the child’s needs for affection and discipline. Children whose parents are detached have higher numbers of psychological difficulties and behavior problems than other youngsters.

This type of parent style creates an unhealthy relationship because the parent is not close to the children. They believe that their children can capable of training themselves once the basic needs have been made available.

Now the question boils down to……

Why is it that authoritative parenting provides such advantages over other styles?

Because authoritative parents are more likely to be viewed as reasonable, fair, and just so their children are more likely to comply with the requests that these parents make. Also, because these parents provide rules as well as explanations for these rules, children are much more likely to internalize these lessons.

Rather than simply following the rules because they fear punishment (as they might with authoritarian parents), the children of authoritative parents are able to see why the rules exist, understand that they are fair and acceptable, and strive to follow these rules to meet their own internalized sense of what is right and wrong.

Of course, the parenting styles of individual parents also combine to create a unique blend in each family. For example, the mother may display an authoritative style while the father favors a more permissive approach.

This can sometimes lead to mixed signals or even situations where a child seeks approval from the more permissive parent to get what they want. In order to create a cohesive approach to parenting, it is essential that parents learn to cooperate as they combine various elements of their unique parenting styles.

Parenting styles FAQs

Below are some frequently asked questions on parents styles.

What are the 4 parenting styles?

These parenting styles fall into a generally accepted four broad categories. Though different researchers give different names to them, the styles usually are said to be: Authoritarian, Authoritative, Permissive, and Uninvolved. Authoritarian parents are very strict and controlling.

What is active parenting?

Active parenting involves helping your children to learn survival and life skills, and although there are many skills that are involved in the raising of family, there are several factors in particular that are especially important, which are: courage, self-esteem, responsibility, and cooperation.

What is peaceful parenting?

Peaceful parenting is about taking control of our own selves, raising ourselves, giving ourselves a timeout when necessary – rather than controlling and manipulating our children. And that’s hard.Nov 10, 2016

What is permissive parenting?

Permissive parenting is a type of parenting style characterized by low demands with high responsiveness. Permissive parents tend to be very loving, yet provide few guidelines and rules. These parents do not expect mature behavior from their children and often seem more like a friend than a parental figure.

In Conclusion: Parenting style is so important and vital in society. The kind of relationship parents builds with their children is 100% determined by the parenting style a parent decides to adopt. And also, a child’s behavior is as a result of the parents.                  

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